A Person Conducting a Business or Undertaking (PCBU) must identify reasonably foreseeable hazards that could give rise to risks to health and safety, and eliminate risks to health and safety so far as is reasonably practicable. If it is not reasonably practicable to eliminate risks to health and safety, minimise those risks so far as is reasonably practicable.
Step 1 – Identify hazards – find out what could cause harm.
Step 2 – Assess the risks – understand the nature of the harm that could be caused by the hazard, how serious the harm could be and the likelihood of it happening.
Step 3 – Control the risks – implement the most effective control measure that is reasonably practicable in the circumstances.
Step 4 – Review control measures to ensure they are working as planned.